Many farmer in Nepal are not aware of pesticide types,level of poisoning,safety precautions and potential hazards on health and environment and agriculture field. according to 2012 servery the latest estimate, the yearly import of pesticides in Nepal is about 211t a.i. with 29.19% insecticides, 61.38% fungicides, 7.43% herbicides and 2% others. The gross sale value accounts US $ 3.05 million per annual. Average pesticides use in Nepal is 142 g a.i./ha, which is very low as compared to other Asian counties. The focus of this paper is to analyze the use and application status of pesticides in Nepal to aware the society about adverse effects of chemical pesticides in the environment . Pesticide misuse is being a serious concern mainly in the commercial pocket areas of agricultural production, where farmers are suffering from environmental pollution. Incidence of poisoning is also increasing because of intentional, incidental and occupational exposure. Toxic and environmentally persistent chemicals are being used as pesticides. Many studies showed that the chemical pollution of the environment has long-term effects on human life. It is therefore essential that manufacture, use, storage, transport and disposal of chemical pesticides be strictly regulated.
Due to over use of pesticide in the framer field makes cultivable lands barrier and decrease capacity of cultivable lands so framer should aware of pesticide types, leveling and safety precaution and harms of pesticide on human health. In our research we found that many framer are not aware of pesticide types or class they used same kinds of pesticide for all kinds of problems for example: if plants had been eaten by insect they used insecticide, on another case if plants are been cover by fungus then also they used insecticide rather using fungicide. like that if any weeds or surbs are grown on framing land than we should used herbicide not other types of pesticide so farmer should aware of types and dose of pesticide. We should use proper dose of pesticide for proper effect.
Rewrite by Biddha Nanda Jha
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